Modern Coal Related Technology
The Science and Technology of Reclamation










Fish & Wildlife Land Uses

The fundamental characteristic of a fish and wildlife habitat, with respect to post mining land use, is the enhancement of mined areas through the selection of plant species.  Herbaceous cover species are selected on the basis of their value for both a source of food and cover for the species in the habitat.  In addition, the selection of woody species planted in strips and clumps will promote mast and seed production.  The proximity of woodland areas, immediately adjacent to the proposed food source, will provide heavier cover and additional nesting and burrowing areas.  The trees/shrub plantings will allow a gradual transition to the forested areas thereby creating an "edge effect", providing travel lanes, and insuring interspersion within the habitat.

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