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Title: Minerals and the Products of Mining
Level: Primary, Middle
Time: 1-2 Days
KERA Goals: 2.33, 2.3
Objectives: Students will learn to identify some of the mineral products they use each day, give examples of mineral products in the classroom, and know the importance of minerals in everyday products.
Materials: Copy of worksheet found below.
Everything we use on Earth that is not made of plants or animals is made of minerals. These minerals are our natural resources. They are mined so that we can have all of the products we're used to using. Even though over 99 percent of the Earth's surface has never been mined, it's important to remember that minerals exist in limited supply. We should be aware of what products they provide us with and use our mineral resources wisely.
VOCABULARY: Plants, Animals, Minerals
List of Mineral Products from A to Z
Student Handout: What's it Made of?
Batteries: Antimony, Cadmium, Lead, Zinc
Bicycle: Aluminum, Clay, Diatomite, Mica, Sulfur, Selenium, Wollastonite, Zinc
Books: Clay, Limestone, Sodium Sulfate, Feldspar
Bricks: Bauxite, Chromite, Zircon, Silica, Graphite, Kyanite, Andaluste, Sillimanite, Clays
Car: Platinum, Iron, Aluminum, Lead, Coal, Barite, Boron, Calcium Carbonate, Bentonite, Silica, Chromium, Perlite, Wollastonite, Mica, Industrial Diamonds, Zeolite, Clays
Carpet: Limestone, Selenium, Lime, Soda Ash, Zeolite, Bentonite, Titanium, Sulfur, Diatomite, Petroleum Products
Cement: Limestone, Gypsum, Iron, Clays, Diatomite, Feldspar
Clothing: Boron, Halite, Molybdenum, Sulfur
Computer: Aluminum, Antimony, Barite, Beryllium, Cobalt, Columbium, Copper, Gallium, Germanium, Gold, Indium, Iron, Lanthanides, Lithium, Manganese, Mercury, Mica, Molybdenum, Nickel, Platinum, Quartz, Rhenium, Selenium, Silver, Strontium, Tantalum, Tellurium, Tin, Tungsten, Vanadium, Yttrium, Zinc, Zirconium
Cosmetics: Iron, Silica, Limestone, Talc
Desk: Copper, Iron, Zinc, Nickel
Digital Alarm Clock: Boron, Copper, Gold, Quartz
Drinking Glass: Boron, Silica
Electrical Cords, Outlet (electricity): Coal, Copper
Glass: Silica Sand, Feldspar, Trona
Lights: Aluminum, Copper, Beryllium (florescent), Tungsten (incandescent), Tin, Nickel
Linoleum: Limestone, Clay, Wollastonite, Petroleum Products
Magazine: Clay, Kaolin, Sodium Sulfate, Titanium
Paint: Titanium Oxide, Clays, Limestone, Mica, Talc, Silica, Copper, Fluorspar, Iron, Tungsten, Zinc, Cadmium
Paper: Boron, Clay, Kaolin, Sulfur, Talc, Titanium, Trona
Pencils: Graphite, Clays
Pencil Sharpener: Iron, Copper, Zinc
Pens: Limestone, Wollastonite, Mica, Talc, Clay, Silica, Petroleum Products, Sulfur
Photograph: Chromium, Silver, Sulfur
Plaster Wall: Gypsum, Perlite
Plastic: Limestone, Wollastonite, Coal, Talc, Silica, Petroleum Products
Sidewalk: Sand, Gravel, Gypsum, Iron, Dolomite, Diatomite, Limestone
Skateboard: Aluminum, Calcium Carbonate, Clay, Coal, Iron, Mica, Sulfur, Silica, Talc, Wollastonite
Soda Can: Aluminum
Telephone: Aluminum, Beryllium, Coal, Copper, Gold, Iron, Limestone, Silica, Silver, Talc, Wollastonite
Television Set: Aluminum, Antimony, Barite, Beryllium, Cobalt, Columbium, Copper, Europium, Gallium, Germanium, Gold, Indium, Iron, Kaolin, Lanthanides, Limestone, Lithium, Manganese, Mercury, Mica, Molybdenum, Platinum, Rhenium, Selenium, Silica, Strontium, Tantalum, Tellurium, Terbium, Tin, Titanium, Vanadium, Yttrium, Zinc, Zirconium
Tennis Racket: Graphite
Wallpaper: Mica, Trona
Window: Feldspar, Irona, Silica, Trona
Activity 3: Erosion
External forces like wind and rain alter the Earth's surface, or crust. This modified crust can be rich with mineral deposits.
Provided by Caterpillar, Inc.