||Coal discovered in Virginia.
||First recorded U.S. coal
||April 13th-Dr. Thomas Walker was
the first recorded person to discover and use coal in Kentucky.
||Lewis Evan's map showing coal in
what is now the Greenup County and Boyd County area of Kentucky.
||First commercial U.S. coal
||Issac Shelby becomes the
first Governor of Kentucky (1792-1796).
||First commercial mine, known as
the "McLean drift bank" opened in Kentucky, near the Green River
and Paradise in Muhlenberg County.
328 short tons mined and sold in Kentucky.
||2,000 tons of Kentucky
||10,000 tons of Kentucky
||100,000 tons of Kentucky
||150,000 tons of Kentucky
Lexington and Big Sandy Railroad proposed.
Kentucky Geological Survey established.
||Pre-Civil War Kentucky
production record of 285,760 tons.
||Kentucky-born Abraham Lincoln
becomes the 16th President of the United States (1861-65).
||Surface mining begins near
||Post-Civil War Kentucky
production decline to 150,582 tons.
St. Louis & Southern Railroad completed from Henderson to Earlington,
||First train off the Big Sandy
||Coal mined with steam-powered
||One million tons of Kentucky
||Mechanical stokers introduced.
First coke ovens in west Kentucky.
Mine Ventilation Law.
First train from Williamson, West Virginia to Pike County, Kentucky.
Coal mining machines come into general use.
||N&W Railroad's first mine at
Goody in Pike County.
Hopkins County in west Kentucky leading coal producer in the state for 18
Miner Pay Law.
United Mine Workers of America formed.
Machines developed to undercut coalbeds.
5,000 kilowatt steam turbine generates electricity.
||Child Labor Law.
Edgewater Coal Company's first production in Pike County.
First train off the Lexington and Eastern Railroad.
Independent Geological Survey established.
||First train from the Cumberland
Fordson Coal Company's first production at Pond Creek.
Pike-Floyd Coal Company's first production at Betsy Layne.
World War I increases demand
for coal; Kentucky production 20.3 million tons.
Short-flame or "permissible" explosives developed.
Mine Safety Law.
||First pulverized coal firing in
electric power plants.
||Federal Mineral Leasing Act.
42.1 million tons of Kentucky production.
||All-time high U.S. employment
of 704,793 bituminous coal and lignite miners.
First dragline excavators built especially for surface mining.
||Stock market crashes beginning
the Great Depression.
||Walking dragline excavators
||47.7 million tons of Kentucky
World War II - coal
production in Kentucky rises to 72.4 million tons for the war effort.
Auger surface mining introduced.
||Republic Steel Company's first
production - Road Creek, Kentucky.
Post-War Marshall Plan - production rises to 88.7 million tons in
Continuous underground mining systems developed. Kentucky Water
||Kentucky Coal Association
||82.2 million tons of Kentucky
||Fish and Wildlife Coordination
Railroads converting from coal to diesel fuel.
Roof bolting introduced in underground mines.
||Railroads began using unit coal
First longwall mining with powered roof supports.
Kentucky Surface Mining Legislation.
||Kentucky coal production
exceeded 100 million tons.
||National Historic Preservation
C&O Railroad to John's Creek constructed - Pike County.
||Federal Coal Mine Health and
||Federal Clean Air Act.
||Kentucky Coal Severance Tax
Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
Kentucky becomes the leading coal production state.
||Endangered Species Act.
OPEC oil embargo: Coal production and prices rise.
||Federal Coal Leasing Amendments
||Federal Surface Mine Control and
||Congress enacts the National
Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Study, a 10 year research
program, which invested $550 million for the study of "acid
rain." Industries spend over $1 billion on Air Pollution Control
Equipment during 1980.
OPEC cuts oil prices for
Martha Layne Collins becomes Kentucky's first woman Governor
U.S. Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program established $2.5
billion in Federal matching funds committed to assist the private sector
to develop and demonstrate improved clean coal technologies.
||Kentucky Supreme Court rules
that the unmined minerals tax on coal is subject to the same state and
local property tax rates as other real estate. TVA 160-MW Atmospheric
Fluidized Bed Combustion Unit on line.
Wyoming displaces Kentucky as the leading coal producing state.
||Federal Clean Air Act Amendments
Kentucky record production - 179.4 million tons (1990).
U.S. coal production exceeds 1 billion tons.
||U.S. Energy Policy Act of 1992.
||CEDAR, Inc. (Coal Education
Development and Resources) formed in Pike County.
||Western Kentucky CEDAR, Inc. was
formed in Webster and Union Counties.
||Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission (FERC) issues Order 888 addressing the issues of open access to
encourage wholesale competition in the electric utility industry and FERC
Order 889 requiring utilities to share information about available
||Coal Education web site (
) was introduced to the Internet.
||Workers' Comp Reform Laws are
passed in Kentucky.
||The Kentucky Fish and Wildlife
Commission voted to re-introduce Elk into 14 East Kentucky Counties on
post-mined lands, citing mountain-top removal areas and old mine benches
as good elk habitat. This will be the only large free-ranging elk herd in
the Eastern United States.
||Kentucky Coal Association
celebrates 50 years of service to the mining industry (1947-97).
||Mountaintop mining comes under
||Federal Tax credit begins for
use of coal fines in a non-conventional solid synthetic fuel.
||Natural gas prices increase over 50% in one year.
Electricity shortages result in rolling blackouts in California.
||Governor Fletcher unveils Kentucky's first comprehensive
energy strategy, "Kentucky's Energy: Opportunities for Our Future."
||East Kentucky Power Cooperative's Gilbert coal-fueled
fluidized-bed power plant begins operation, the first coal-fired plant in
over 15 years. Energy Policy Act of 2005 signed by President Bush; includes
major Clean Coal Technology programs.
||Kentucky Energy Security National Leadership Act (HB
299) enacted; Act calls for strategy for producing liquid and gaseous fuels
from Kentucky coal. Kentucky Coal Academy founded to provide training for
coal miners that reflect the technological advancements in the mining